The Q&A gives a high level overview of the key legal concepts including the constitution, system of governance and the general legislative process; the main sources of law; the court structure and hierarchy; the judiciary and its appointment; the general rules of civil and criminal litigation, including reporting restrictions, evidentiary requirements, the roles of the judge and counsel, burdens of proof and penalties.
To compare answers across multiple jurisdictions, visit the Legal Systems Country Q&A tool.
The Q&A is part of the global guide to legal systems. For a full list of jurisdictional Q&As visit global.practicallaw.com/legalsystems-guide.
1. What form does your constitution take?
The Luxembourg Constitution is a written constitution. It was inspired by the Belgian Constitution of 1831 and the French Constitution of the III Republic.
The current Constitution dates from 17 October 1868 and, since then, it has been revised multiple times to adapt it to the demands of modern democracy. It comprises 121 Articles, divided into 13 chapters. It describes the foundations of the state, it guarantees the rights and liberties of citizens and it organises the separation of powers.
To read the full article check the following link: Legal System in Luxembourg: overview